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Bronchitis Medical Definition - Tamiflu for the Treatment of Influenza
About Tamiflu - It's Manufacturer Tamiflu (Oseltamivir) is an oral antiviral treatment (not a vaccine) for influenza, and belongs to a class of drugs called neuraminidase inhibitors (NAI). It prevents the virus from spreading inside the body and works well against all strains.

The influenza virus is classified into three categories: A, B, and C. Type A is the most serious and usually appears every two or three years. Prone to mutation, it regularly produces nonresistant strains; has caused many epidemics; and is also responsible for pandemics, in which entire continents are affected. It was with great optimism that we started out on writing this composition on Bronchitis Pneumonia. Please don't let us lose this optimism.

Tamiflu is proven to be effective in adults and in children one year and older. What is an Influenza Virus? Influenza is a disease caused by a member of the Orthomyxoviridae. Many features are common with those of the Paramyxovirus infections of the respiratory tract. Influenza, commonly called - the 'flu'- is a serious disease caused by influenza A and B viruses, which usually occurs seasonally in the autumn and winter months. According to the WHO 3-5 million cases of seasonal influenza occur every year. Patience was exercised in this article on Bronchitis. Without patience, it would not have been possible to write extensively on Bronchitis.
  • Type C influenza virus is a very mild strain of the infection, similar to symptoms of a common cold.
  • This can be treated with bed rest and plenty of fluid intake.

Muscle Aches and Pains
It is possible to treat the flu using medication as well as make a rapid recovery using various means like: Keeping your fluid intake to the optimum - Flu sufferers lose a lot of fluids from having high fevers. Drink plenty of water. Orange juice is good for its vitamin C content, too, and sports drinks like Gatorade help replenish electrolytes.

Type B influenza virus is the strain responsible for smaller infection outbreaks. Once infected with this virus, the immune system successfully resists this type of virus for many years. This type commonly infects uninfected children aged between 5-14 years. We have actually followed a certain pattern while writing on Bronchitis. We have used simple words and sentences to facilitate easy understanding for the reader.

Minimal Exertion
It is better to stay in bed and recuperate through relaxation.. Keeping the fever in check - Young children often suffer higher fever during the flu. Penetration into the world of Bronchitis Pneumonia proved to be our idea in this article. Read the article and see if we have succeeded in this or not!

Loss of Appetite
Fever Congestion that turns to a runny nose Sore throat Cough that turns productive Exhaustion and weakness We consider that we have only touched the perimeter of information available on Bronchitis Pneumonia. There is still a lot more to be learnt! Big Grin.

How to Treat Influenza Virus
The flu targets your respiratory system (nose, lungs, throat and bronchial tubes). During the flu, a patient exhibits some or all of the following symptoms. Perhaps you may not have been interested in this passage on Bronchitis Pneumonia. In that case, please don't spread this feedback around!

Proper Sleep
Adequate rest also helps in recovery. Taking a healthy diet - Even though you don't feel like eating, nutrition is an important part of recovery. Perfection has been achieved in this article on Bronchitis Pneumonia. There is hardly any matter left from this article that is worth mentioning.Perfection has been achieved in this article on Bronchitis Pneumonia. There is hardly any matter left from this article that is worth mentioning.

When administered according to its approved dosage (75 mg twice daily for 5 days), Tamiflu delivers a 38 per cent reduction in the severity of symptoms, a 67 per cent reduction in secondary complications such as bronchitis, pneumonia and sinusitis in otherwise healthy individuals and a 37 per cent reduction in the duration of influenza illness. This data were derived from seasonal outbreaks of influenza. If there is the slightest possibility of you not getting to understand the matter that is written here on Bronchitis, we have some advice to be given. Use a dictionary!

Comes in the Strength of
Tamiflu can be used both for prevention and treatment of influenza. An oral medication, it is a convenient 75mg capsule which affects all key sites in the body where the virus multiplies. The dose for the adult treatment of influenza is a 75mg capsule, taken twice daily for five days. A pack of Tamiflu contains a full treatment course of 10 capsules. This article serves as a representative for the meaning of Bronchitis Pneumonia in the library of knowledge. Let it represent knowledge well. :o.
  • Treatment must commence within 48 hours of the onset of symptoms for full efficacy.
  • For post exposure prophylaxis the dosage is one 75mg capsule daily for up to 6 weeks.

[Image: Tamiflu11.jpeg]
Earlier Initiation of TamifluĀ® Treatment Improves Clinical Benefits


Toddlers should be attended to by a pediatrician in the event of a high fever that lasts for a day and for adults a doctor should be consulted when the fever exceeds 103 degrees or lasts longer than two days and is accompanied by significant fatigue or any kind of pain. The elderly and those with diabetes, a weakened immune system, cardiovascular disease, pregnancy beyond the first trimester, lung disease or asthma should call their doctor when flu symptoms arrive.

Roche, the manufacturer of Tamiflu since 1996, acquired the worldwide rights to develop and market the drug from Gilead Sciences, Foster City, California.
  • Bronchitis is an inflammation of the main air passages (bronchi) to your lungs.
  • It causes a cough, shortness of breath and chest tightness.
  • Coughing often brings up yellow or greenish mucus.
  • There are two main types of bronchitis: acute and chronic.
  • Avoid things that could make symptoms worse, such as air pollution and allergens.
  • Getting enough rest so your body has the energy needed to fight the infection.
  • Generally, you feel better sooner if you rest more than usual while you have acute bronchitis.

Acute bronchitis is usually caused by a virus. It is more common during the winter months and often develops after an upper respiratory illness such as influenza (flu) or a cold caused by a virus such as coronavirus, adenovirus, or a rhinovirus. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) may be a cause, especially in adults older than About 10% of the time, acute bronchitis is caused by bacteria. Coordinating matter regarding to Bronchitis Caused took a lot of time. However, with the progress of time, we not only gathered more matter, we also learnt more about Bronchitis Caused.

Industrial pollution is another culprit. Chronic bronchitis is found in higher-than-normal rates among coal miners, grain handlers, metal molders, and other people who are continually exposed to dust. But the chief cause is heavy, long-term cigarette smoking, which irritates the bronchial tubes and causes them to produce excess mucus.

Quote:Some cases, the doctor will recommend using a medicine called a bronchodilator that makes breathing easier. People with chronic bronchitis should stop smoking and avoid second-hand smoke. Opportunity knocks once. So when we got the opportunity to write on Bronchitis Caused, we did not let the opportunity slip from our hands, and got down to writing on Bronchitis Caused. Big Grin.

Treatment for Acute Bronchitis:
Your child's age, overall health, and medical history Extent of the condition Your child's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies This article will help you since it is a comprehensive study on Chronic Bronchitis Symptoms Big Grin.

Bronchitis Symptoms
Cough is a common symptom of bronchitis. The cough may be dry or may produce phlegm. Significant phlegm production suggests that the lower respiratory tract and the lung itself may be infected, and you may have pneumonia.

What Causes Bronchitis?
Acute bronchitis is usually caused by viruses, and it may occur together with or following a cold or other respiratory infection. Germs such as viruses can be spread from person to person by coughing. They can also be spread if you touch your mouth, nose, or eyes after coming into contact with respiratory fluids from an infected person. Isn't it wonderful that we can now access information about anything, including Bronchitis form the Internet without the hassle of going through books and magazines for matter!

Expectations for the course of the condition Water Drink a minimum of eight glasses of water or other fluids every day. This will help to keep mucus thin, making it easier to cough up. Avoid sugar and dairy products because they tend to weaken the immune system and cause excessive mucus production. The more you read about Chronic Bronchitis Symptoms Cough, the more you get to understand the meaning of it. So if you read this article and other related articles, you are sure to get the required amount of matter for yourself.

Shortness of Breath
Aggravated by exertion or mild activity Frequent respiratory infections that worsen symptoms Wheezing, shortness of breath, recurrent infections and cough all appear as symptoms of this problem. While these also occur in those with simple asthma, those with chronic asthmatic bronchitis tend to have increased severity and frequency of these complaints. When doing an assignment on Chronic Bronchitis, it is always better to look up and use matter like the one given here. Your assignment turns out to be more interesting and colorful this way.

Bronchitis is a very common respiratory disease. It can accompany flu or cold and it occurs in people of all ages. Smokers and people with weak immune system are very exposed to developing chronic bronchitis and in some cases asthmatic bronchitis. Smoking is considered to be a serious factor of risk in the development of bronchitis and it can lead to complications such as pneumonia.
  • Bronchitis is mostly caused by viruses, in which case the illness clears on itself within days, without medical treatment.
  • However, if the illness is caused by bacteria, medical treatment with antibiotics is required for overcoming bronchitis completely.
  • Bronchitis can be either acute or chronic.
  • The acute form of the illness generates intense symptoms, but if it caused by viruses, it usually clears up quickly.
  • Acute bronchitis is very common in people of all ages and rarely requires medical treatment.
  • Chronic bronchitis generates milder symptoms, which can aggravate in time.
  • This form of illness is persistent and has a recidivating character.
  • Chronic bronchitis needs continuous treatment until the illness is completely overcome, otherwise the symptoms will quickly reoccur.
  • This form of bronchitis involves bacterial infection and needs specific, long-term medical treatment with antibiotics.
  • Chronic bronchitis has a very high incidence in smokers and people with weak immune system.
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Bronchitis needs appropriate treatment in order to be fully overcome. If you experience difficulty breathing or persistent cough, it is advised to seek medical help. Left untreated, bronchitis can aggravate and lead to serious complications. Variety is the spice of life. So we have added as much variety as possible to this matter on Persistent Cough to make it's reading relevant, and interesting!
Pneumonia - Things You Should Know




Bronchitis generates symptoms such as cough, excess production of mucus, shortness of breath, chest pain, soreness and discomfort, wheezing, headache and fever. The presence of fever can point to bacterial infections and possible complications. Bronchitis is difficult to diagnose, considering the fact that its symptoms are also common to many other respiratory conditions (asthma, sinusitis). However, careful physical examinations and laboratory analyses can reveal the presence of bronchitis in most patients. Bronchitis is one of the most common respiratory illnesses among chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). Despite its high incidence in people with respiratory conditions, bronchitis is often misdiagnosed. A clinical examination of patients with bronchitis is sometimes insufficient in revealing the actual cause of illness. Bronchitis is often misdiagnosed and confused with asthma, sinusitis or allergies.

Bronchitis isn't caused by bacterial infections, the aim of medical treatments is to unblock the obstructed airways of the respiratory tract. Bronchitis causes inflammation of the mucous membrane, bronchial tubes and other organs and tissues involved in the process of breathing. When these fragile respiratory organs become inflamed and irritated, they produce excess mucus, in an attempt to protect themselves from external agents (dust particles, irritants). This excess of mucus clogs the airways and obstructs the access of air to the lungs, causing difficulty breathing, wheezing and cough. Medical treatments often include inhaled medicines which help unblock the airways of the respiratory tract. Such medicines are called bronchodilators and are mostly used in chronic bronchitis and asthmatic bronchitis.
Bei Bronchitis - Understand Chronic Bronchitis - Diagnosis and Treatment Methods Explained
Quote:One of the manifestations of chronic bronchitis is a productive cough accompanied by phlegm, which obstructs the free flow of air in the bronchial tubes. Chronic bronchitis is a long-term disorder that can last as long as two years. It is the fourth largest killer in the United States of America, and around ten million people fall victim to this disorder every year. About 40,000 deaths due to chronic bronchitis have been recorded annually. It is considered to be the most common chronic obstructive pulmonary illnesses (CODP).
  • Sample of arterial blood is taken in order to do a blood test, which can determine conditions such as mild polychthemia.
  • Chest radiographs reveal conditions such as blebs, diaphragmatic flattening, peribronchial markings, hyperinflation, and bullae.
  • However, the test results cannot be taken as final proof of the existence of chronic bronchitis. life is short.
  • Use it to its maximum by utilizing whatever knowledge it offers for knowledge is important for all walks of life.
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Airway biopsies can reveal submucosal and mucosal inflammation, hyperplasia of goblet cells, and abnormal smoothness of the muscles on the small noncartilaginous air passage.

Tests conducted on patients suffering from chronic bronchitis reveal yet another disturbing factor--the presence of three varieties of bacteria: Moxarella catarrhalis, Haemophilus influenzae, and Streptococcus pneumoniae.
  • Studies reveal that more than 90 percent of the people who contract chronic bronchitis comprise smokers.
  • About 15 percent of the cigarette smokers are ultimately diagnosed with respiratory disorders charaterized by obstruction of the airways.
  • Biopsies of bronchial samples of people who have quit smoking thirteen years ago still reveal persistent marks of bronchial inflammation.
  • Whenever one reads any reading matter, it is vital that the person enjoys reading it.
  • One should grasp the meaning of the matter, only then can it be considered that the reading is complete.

Tests to Determine Chronic Bronchitis
A series of tests are necessary to determine a variety of factors. Needless to say, testing is also essential to make a correct diagnosis of the condition. The results of tests also confirm the extent to which the air passages are obstructed. Some of the tests include pulmonary function testing, blood tests, chest radiograph, electrocardiogram, biopsies, and sputum cultures.
  • The ratio between the measured forced expiratory volume (FEVI) and the forced vital capacity (FVC) defines the severity of chronic bronchitis.
  • One of the signs of severe and long-term chronic bronchitis is progressive decline of FEVI rates.
  • Factors such as age affect the elasticity of the lungs due to which the pulmonary testing of most adults over middle age show a 30ml decline in FEVI.
  • In addition, the blocking of the bronchi due to an increase in the production of sputum does not always indicate chronic bronchitis.
  • Pulmonary testing documents the reversible characteristics of air passage obstruction, and this helps physicians properly diagnose this disorder.
  • Thinking of life without Bronchitis seem to be impossible to imagine.
  • This is because Bronchitis can be applied in all situations of life. Big Grin

Mortality Rate After the Diagnosis of Chronic Bronchitis is Fifty Percent
The terminal event of chronic bronchitis is respiratory failure. Respiratory failure is due to bacterial infections characterized by purulent sputum, fever, and poor ventilation symptoms. The other factors responsible for respiratory failure are seasonal changes, infections of the upper respiratory system, medications, and prolonged exposure to polluting and irrtating agents. Just as a book shouldn't be judged by its cover, we wish you read this entire article on Chronic Bronchitis Respiratory Failure before actually making a judgement about Chronic Bronchitis Respiratory Failure.
signs & symptoms of COPD




Electrocardiograms pinpoint distrubances, such as arterial fibrillation or flutter and atrial tachycardia having "P" pulmonale, in the supraventricular rhythm.

Sputum culture is done in case of patients who have not been hopitalized but display acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. It is one of the methods used to determine the requirement for antibiotic therapy. Protected-tip sputum cultures are done in case of patients who are in hospitals especially if atypical organisms are suspected to cause the excarberation. We have tried to place the best definition about Chronic Bronchitis in this article. This has taken a lot of time, but we only wish salt therapy and its european well gave suits your needs.

Methods of Managing Chronic Bronchitis
Two methods of managing chronic bronchitis are in vogue at present--inhalation of ipratropium bromide and treatment through sympathomimetic agents. Theophyllinne is also an important therapy, but its uses are limited to a certain cases of the disorder. Patients who exhibit a remarkable improvement in airflow are not given any steroids. Antibiotics have a crucial part to play in the battle against acute infections. Supplemental oxygen is given to those patients who experience difficulties in breathing. Patients are also strongly advised to quit smoking for good, take plenty of nutritional supplements and fluids, and perform exercises to strengthen their respiratory muscles.

Bronchial tubes, which are the air passages that extend from the windpipe and up to the lungs can become inflamed. That is when bronchitis appears. Bronchitis can be also the inflammation of the bronchi which are located in the chest of human body. There were made some studies, and the result was that millions of persons develop respiratory conditions such as broncitus every year, especially between November to January.

Bronchitis is contagious, because the micro organisms that cause it are found in the fluid from the mouth or nose of an infected individual, and it can easily be spread. There are some signs and symptoms of bronchitis. We can mention yellow, green, or gray phlegm, headaches, runny nose, wheezing, muscle and back pain, and also chills, reddish face, palms, or mucous membranes, vision abnormalities, ankle, feet, and leg swelling. The most important purpose of the treatment is to reduce irritation in the bronchial tubes, and in order to treat bacterial infections such as chronic broncitus antibiotics are very effective. In chronic bronchitis it is not required to have antibiotics on a continual basis. Useful to ease discomfort caused by coughing and also to eliminate infection are the homeopathic remedies. Studies revealed that there are cases when the cough due to acute bronchitis lasts for several weeks to months. This happens because the bronchial system is taking up longer to heal, and an important thing is that cough that does not go away could be symptoms of other diseases like asthma or pneumonia. So after reading what we have mentioned here on Bronchitis Contagious, it is up to you to provide your verdict as to what exactly it is that you find fascinating here.

Bronchitis is Part of the
Category of most common chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and a study showed that in the US there are about 14 to 15 million persons having chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and out of those, 12 million have chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis can appear when someone has repeated periods of illness, and is not taking care to cure the illness, but there are other factors too, as allergens, dust and chemical fumes, prolonged exposure to polluted air, cigarettes. It is known that when the mucous membranes that line up the upper breathing tubes become inflamed, bronchitis appears. Writing on Acute Bronchitis proved to be a gamble to us. This is because there simply seemed to be nothing to write about in the beginning of writing. It was only in the process of writing did we get more and more to write on Acute asthma bronchitis.
  • There are many problems that can affect a very important part of our body, the lungs.
  • Bronchitis is one of these diseases.
  • It can be very unpleasant and even generate many more problems.
  • Is a respiratory problem that takes place when the mucous membrane in our lungs becomes inflamed.
  • With time, the inflamed membrane grows thicker and can narrow, or even worse, shut down the airways in your lungs.
  • As a result coughing may appear, together with phlegm and even lack of air.
  • Isn't it amazing how much information can be transferred through a single page?
  • So much stands to gain, and to lose about Bronchitis Acute through a single page.

When the lungs are clogged with mucus, they become very vulnerable as well and you can develop infections very quickly, both viral or bacterial. These infections can do permanent damage to the airways as time goes by. This is a chronic condition of the pulmonary system, also known as COPD. As the information we produce in our writing on Bronchitis Diseases may be utilized by the reader for informative purposes, it is very important that the information we provide be true. We have indeed maintained this.

Bronchitis can be Acute or Chronic
The acute bronchitis lasts somewhere between two and six weeks, whereas the chronic form can last even up to three years. People who suffer from asthma experience an inflammation similar to that of bronchitis and the disease is called asthmatic bronchitis. It is rather inviting to go on writing on Bronchitis. however as there is a limitation to the number of words to be written, we have confined ourselves to this. However, do enjoy yourself reading it.

Things are different if you suffer from the other type of bronchitis, the acute one. This condition is a long term one and needs serious treatment. Thought that was all? Wrong! Things get even worse if you are a person that smokes. The recovery is longer and slower.

The Part of the Lungs Responsible for Excess Mucus, Irritants are Called Cilia
This structure is very small and slender, like hair. When smoking, even one puff is enough to paralyze this structure for a while. So you can imagine what smoking up to a pack of cigarettes a day can do to these cilia: it makes you very vulnerable and increases considerable your chances of chronic bronchitis.

Bronchitis is Common Both in Children and Grownups
To treat bronchitis you do not need special medical attention. Treatments are very easy to follow. But if you cough blood, this is serious cause for concern and a doctor must be seen immediately. Writing is something that has to be done when one is in the mood to write. So when we got in the mood to write about Bronchitis Disease, nothing could stop us from writing!
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