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Pneumonia Bronchitis, Treating Bronchitis With Bromelain
08-04-2016, 01:09 AM
Post: #1
Big Grin Pneumonia Bronchitis, Treating Bronchitis With Bromelain
Pneumonia Bronchitis - Treating Bronchitis With Bromelain
This article on treating bronchitis with bromelain, you will discover: What is bromelain? Why is bromelain good at treating bronchitis? How much bromelain should you take for treating bronchitis?

Bromelain has powerful anti-inflammatory and mucus thinning properties, which makes it great for treating bronchitis symptoms. Bromelain is quite safe to take, but if you are going to undergo surgery, it would be wise to tell your doctor beforehand that you are taking bromelain supplements. The development of Bronchitis has been explained in detail in this article on Bronchitis. Read it to find something interesting and surprising!

Warning: Bromelain is a natural substance and in general it is quite safe to take but as with all supplements it is best to consult your doctor before taking them. We are proud to say we have dominance in the say of Bronchitis Respiratory. This is because we have read vastly and extensively on Bronchitis Respiratory. Big Grin.
  • Sinusitis Sprains Urinary Tract Infections Wounds Why Is Bromelain Good At Treating Bronchitis?
  • Bromelain is good at treating bronchitis because of its powerful anti-inflammatory and mucus thinning properties.

Bromelain can be Used to Help the Following Health Conditions:
AnginaArthritis Asthma Bruising Burns Coronary Heart Disease Minor Operations Producing such an interesting anecdote on Treating Bronchitis took a lot of time and hard work. So it would be enhancing to us to learn that you have made good use of this hard work! Big Grin.

How Much Bromelain Should You Take for Treating Bronchitis?
To reduce the symptoms contagious bronchitis acute to help disperse phlegm in your chest, you can take a dose of between 250mg and 500mg three times per day of bromelain supplements.
  • What Is Bromelain?
  • Bromelain is totally natural; it is a digestive enzyme which comes from pineapples.
  • Bromelain is a powerful anti-inflammatory; it can help to reduce pain, swelling and inflammation.

The mucus thinning properties of bromelain are good at reducing phlegm within the respiratory system, not only in bronchitis but in other respiratory conditions such as asthma and sinusitis.
  • You have bronchitis, you know how horrible it can make you feel.
  • You probably feel like the only thing you ever get done is cough, hack, and wheeze.
  • Not to mention the phlegm!
  • Gross, right? Wink
  • One way to deal with the antibiotic problem is to find a cure for your bronchitis that is all natural.
  • This will ensure that you are not damaging your body with useless drugs.
  • It is always better to use simple English when writing descriptive articles, like this one on Acute Bronchitis.
  • It is the layman who may read such articles, and if he can't understand it, what is the point of writing it?

Bronchitis is broken down into two different types. The first you got acute bronchitis. This is the kind that makes bronchitis contagious, because it is caused by influenza, the common chest cold, or an infection. Keeping to the point is very important when writing. So we have to stuck to Treat Bronchitis, and have not wandered much from it to enhance understanding.

The biggest question on your mind is probably, "Is my bronchitis contagious?" The answer is that acute forms of bronchitis are very contagious and could easily be spread to everyone you come in contact with. Bronchitis is not something you probably want to share.
Bronchitis - Home Remedies

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= Health Tone Tips


There are different natural remedies for bronchitis however, the best kind of natural treatment for bronchitis, contagious or chronic, is a blend of different natural ingredients that target the root causes.

You have chronic or acute bronchitis, tell your doctor to FORGET the antibiotics, and find something that will really work for you. Think you may be experiencing Bronchitis Symptoms? We have used clear and concise words in this article on Bronchitis to avoid any misunderstandings and confusions that can be caused due to difficult words.

[Image: bromelain8.jpeg]
Bromelain Health Benefits

  • One thing that is common for both types of bronchitis is that antibiotics don't do any good.
  • Quite simply, most bronchitis, contagious or not, is not affected by antibiotics. Big Grin
  • Usually, with bronchitis, contagious or chronic, there will be a dry cough at the beginning.
  • This will soon turn into a 'wet' cough that is accompanied by fever, exhaustion and headaches.
  • We have used a mixture of seriousness and jokes in this composition on Bronchitis Contagious.
  • This is to liven the mood when reading about Bronchitis Contagious.
  • Your acute bronchitis can actually be contagious for as long as you are experiencing symptoms!
  • Those who have bronchitis for 6 months or more should get checked for other serious health conditions.
  • Commonly, what makes bronchitis contagious is an infection of some sort that causes wheezing, coughing, and hacking.
  • This is very hard for people to work through.
  • It can be very unnerving to have to suffer with bronchitis, contagious or not. :o

Virus Causes Acute Bronchitis and Antibiotics Do Nothing for Viral Infections
Antibiotics are useful for treating bacterial infections only, and on top of that, they're not good for your health. You could be causing more problems with your body. Antibiotics are even known to create more infections, and especially yeast infections.

An Ounce of Puffing Pleasure can Actually Cost You Your Life
This is what is at stake for every cigarette you smoke. There are thousands of harmful chemicals that make up the cigarette many people smoke and patronize in this time and age. The fatal effects of smoking are already getting harder and harder to ignore.

The fatal effects of smoking does not just happen to humans, but also extends to animals and plants which are part of the environment of the smoking person. Oxygen is usually polluted and snatched from the atmosphere where tobacco smoke is prevalent, making it harder for plants and animals to thrive in a healthy manner, especially in urban areas where they are already forced to make do with a polluted environment brought by other factors such as smoke coming from cars and industrial processes. We can proudly say that there is no competition to the meaning of Infections Bronchitis, when comparing this article with other articles on Infections Bronchitis found on the net.

Quote:Another thing that can be considered as part of the fatal effects of smoking is the damage it can do to other aspects of your life. For one thing, smoking causes a debilitating dependency on the substance which will enslave you into patronizing the product at the expense of your own well-being. Smoking as habit can consume you to the point where you will no longer have concern about other people's welfare and how your smoking will affect other people and the environment you are living in.

Health Reasons are the Most Obvious Facet Among the Fatal Effects of Smoking
Whether you are exposed to smoking directly or indirectly (i.e. Consistent exposure to smoke of chain smokers), there are a lot of fatal effects of smoking to watch out for. Your heart will primarily be strained as smoking actually increases your blood pressure and heart rate, making your heart more overworked than the normal. If this persists, you may be eligible to have heart attacks and strokes.

The tobacco in smoke cancer, specifically the tar, which congests your lungs and keeps it from functioning properly, causes. Cancer is the most fatal of all fatal effects of smoking, since it not only causes death but it is also something with which you will suffer tremendously in almost every conceivable aspect.

Smoking Also Causes You to Have Less Oxygen Than What You Actually Need
Your body will suddenly be deprived of its much-needed oxygen supply, making everything swollen within and unable to function normally. Almost all organs of the body will be forced to work harder and will be more likely to burn out sooner. The illnesses such as emphysema, bronchitis and heart disease, among many others, are part of the fatal effects of smoking which accumulate over time. Most of these conditions are irreversible even long after you have decided to quit smoking. We do not mean to show some implication that Bronchitis Heart Disease have to rule the world or something like that. We only mean to let you know the actual meaning of Bronchitis Heart Disease!
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08-07-2016, 08:50 PM
Post: #2
Tongue RE: Pneumonia Bronchitis, Treating Bronchitis With Bromelain
Bronchitis Emphysema - Chronic Bronchitis - Simple Tips to Avoid It
When a physician uses the term "chronic", he often means persistent suffering on a long-term basis from a certain disease. One of these can be chronic bronchitis. :o.

Do not forget there is asthma which is called Bronchial asthma. This is simply the constriction of the tubes for a very short while. And there does seem to be some confusion about bronchial asthma. Many regard it as the coming together of asthma and bronchitis. It was really tough getting information about anything previously. Now with the advent of the Internet, anyone can access any information at any time of the day. :o.

Quote:Another known problem that comes with chronic bronchitis is asthma. This is actually the chronic inflammation of those tubes. It is recognized by the person's inability to breathe or take deep breaths. There are no boundaries on countries for one to access information about Asthma Bronchitis through the Internet. All one has to do is to surf, and then the required matter is availed!
  • Is wise, for those who have, a major allergy to dust to install a specialized cleaning unit.
  • Those who sensitivities are not that bad... a regular cleaning schedule should be kept.
  • You actually learn more about Bronchitis Disease only with more reading on matters pertaining to it.
  • So the more articles you read like this, the more you learn about Bronchitis Disease. :o

Bronchitis in Greek means "bronchos" meaning windpipe or throat. It's also a suffix noun that relates to the word diseases. Asthma is also a Greek word which means "azein" which stands for "breathe hard". You must have searched high and low for some matter for Bronchial Asthma, isn't it? That is the main reason we compiled this article for you to get that required matter!

What are the Environmental Factors?
The most common factor and most common irritant in the environment is dust. This substance is everywhere thus making it hard for those irritated by it to stay well near it. This is the worst culprit of all. Asthmatics should avoid dusty places because of the breathing problems associated with it. Wink

Medical terms, "bronchial asthma" is what is known as asthma. The swelling in the tubes can be acute or short-lived or it can last for a long time which is named chronic. This is the case because viruses and irritants including pollution and smoke harm the breathing tract. It is not always that we just turn on the computer, and there is a page about Bronchitis. We have written this article to let others know more about Bronchitis through our resources.
  • This will typically lead to chronic coughing experienced by asthmatics and bronchitis sufferers.
  • Another trigger, though not well know, is stomach acid.
  • A backflow into the esophagus can cause chronic bronchitis.
  • This disease is known as acid reflux.
  • Now while reading about Bronchitis Treatment, don't you feel that you never knew so much existed about Bronchitis Treatment?
  • So much matter you never knew existed.
  • Both disorders are recognized by their chest constriction, coughing, difficulty in breathing and wheezing.
  • However, the environment does have several threatening factors that can irritate and set off the symptoms.
  • There are free online tips on how to avoid and rid the problematic irritants that can trigger these episodes inside the home.
  • Another factor that hurts those who suffer from this disease are the chemical odors and fumes that one breaths in.
  • The likely culprit of this factor is tobacco smoke.
  • The smoke is a danger not only to the smoker but to those around him or her as well.
  • When a person inhales secondhand smoke, it dampens their ability to fight off infections.
  • Writing about Bronchitis Treatment is an interesting writing assignment.
  • There is no end to it, as there is so much to write about it!

It's important to limit the exposure to it but it is important to remember that preventions should be taken into accordance with the person's sensitivity. Keep your mind open to anything when reading about Asthma Bronchitis. Opinions may differ, but it is the base of Asthma Bronchitis that is important. :o.

Although chronic bronchitis is often times associated with asthma, the truth actually is the infection consists of many factors that can possibly trigger it. Accept the way things are in life. Only then will you be able to accept these points on Bronchitis Asthma. Bronchitis Asthma can be considered to be part and parcel of life. :o.
  • For sufferers of this type of problem, it would be wise to seek medical attention from specialized doctors.
  • We also need to understand the everyday life of the constant sufferer to avoid several lifestyle factors that could be in and around the home.
  • Ignorance is bliss they say.
  • However, do you find this practical when you read so much about Bronchitis Treatment?

Coughing is an important way to keep your throat and airways clear. Coughing is an action the body takes to get rid of burden that are irritating the air passages. In the more advanced stages, it's marked by the symptom that gives the disease its name: a severe, hacking cough followed by a high-pitched intake of breath that sounds like "whoop. Coughing can also be triggered by a bolus of food going down the trachea instead of the esophagus due to a failure of the epiglottis although this may result in choking instead.
  • You have allergies year round, cover your pillows and mattress with dust mite covers, use an air purifier, and avoid pets and other triggers.
  • For patients with underlying disease states causing the cough, treatment should first be based on treating the underlying disease.
  • We have taken the privilege of proclaiming this article to be a very informative and interesting article on Chronic Bronchitis Medications.
  • We now give you the liberty to proclaim it too.

Cigarette Smoking
ACE inhibitors (medications used to control blood pressure). Symptoms of Cough Some Symptoms of Cough: A runny nose Dry cough This article on Bronchitis was written with the intention of making it very memorable to its reader. Only then is an article considered to have reached it's objective. Smile

Nasal Congestion
A mild fever Sneezing General feeling of being unwell and loss of appetite Red, watery eyes Treatment of Cough Antitussives should not be given when the cough is productive and the patient is bringing up mucus. If the cough is keeping the patient awake at night, then their use at bedtime is indicated. It is not necessary that only the learned can write about Acute Bronchitis. As long as one ahs a flair for writing, and an interest for gaining information on Acute Bronchitis, anyone can write about it.

Worldwide, there were over 45 million cases of whooping cough and 409,000 deaths in 1997 making this easy-to-prevent disease one of the leading causes of illness and death. Provided the patient is a non-smoker and has a normal chest X-ray the cause of chronic cough in 93% of all patients is due to asthma reflux ( heartburn ) or post-nasal drip. Other causes of chronic cough include chronic bronchitis and medications such as ACE inhibitors. Coughing during an injection can lessen the pain of the needle stick caused by a sudden, temporary rise in pressure in the chest and spinal canal, inhibiting the pain-conducting structures of the spinal cord. Quality is better than quantity. It is of no use writing numerous pages of nonsense for the reader. Instead, it is better to write a short, and informative article on specific subjects like Bronchitis Medications. People tend to enjoy it more.
  • Antihistamines and decongestants may be a good choice for treating coughs associated with post nasal drip.
  • Elevate your head with extra pillows at night to ease a dry cough.
  • Don't smoke and stay away from secondhand smoke.
  • Antitussives are useful in suppressing dry, hacking coughs. (Specific products may be recommended by a physician or pharmacist.) :o

Causes of Cough
The common Causes of Cough: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) Lung disease such as bronchiectasis interstitial lung disease, or tumors. We have used clear and concise words in this article on Bronchitis Medications to avoid any misunderstandings and confusions that can be caused due to difficult words.

Smoking causes many health problems for the smoker. One of the major problems is the build up of toxic material in the body and in particular in the lungs. This toxic material is an irritant that causes inflammation and the breakdown of lung tissue. Stopping smoking is the only treatment, but herbs are able to assist the body to remove toxic material. Herbs are also able to provide relief from the tension and stress that is often experienced during the quit smoking process.

Nettle Leaves (Aerial) Urtica Dioica
Nettle leaves are used for the urinary system and it strengthens and supports the whole body. It is very rich in chlorophyll. Nettle leaves: It may take some time to comprehend the matter on Bronchitis Emphysema that we have listed here. However, it is only through it's complete comprehension would you get the right picture of Bronchitis Emphysema.
  • These herbs will assist in the removal of the toxins that build up in the lungs and the rest of the body when you smoke.
  • They are therefore a valuable aid to your recovery when you quit smoking.
  • You will find these herbs in an easy to use herbal respiratory aid.
  • These herbs have many additional benefits besides the ones mentioned and will be invaluable for reclaiming your health as a non-smoker.
  • It was our decision to write so much on Bronchial Coughs after finding out that there is still so much to learn on Bronchial Coughs.

Herbs alone however are not the only support that you need when you are quitting smoking. You need comprehensive support during the process so that you will have a successful, long term quitting outcome. You will find the support and assistance you need to quit smoking at Growerz.com. We are proud to say we have dominance in the say of Bronchitis Emphysema. This is because we have read vastly and extensively on Bronchitis Emphysema.

Licorice (aerial & root) Glycyrrhiza glabra. Licorice is a remarkable herb with an affinity for the endocrine system. It has a similar structure to the hormones of the adrenal gland giving it effects similar to cortisone (but without the side effects). It is used as an: The development of Asthma Bronchitis has been explained in detail in this article on Asthma Bronchitis. Read it to find something interesting and surprising!

The following herbs provide a range of benefits that can be useful when you quit smoking. They can assist in: lung cleansing thus helping you to breathe more easily.liver and kidney cleansing so that the toxins built up in the body because of your smoking can be removed.enabling you to stay calm and relaxed -- so that you can take control of your life.improving the health of your cardiovascular system with will help with healing. Producing such an interesting 5 steps to cure bronchitis forever a lot of time and hard work. So it would be enhancing to us to learn that you have made good use of this hard work!

Mullein (Aerial) Verbascum Thapsus
Mullein is a very useful respiratory system remedy and can be used in most conditions that affect respiration. Mullein: We can proudly say that there is no competition to the meaning of Bronchitis, when comparing this article with other articles on Bronchitis found on the net.

Mustard (seed) Brassica alba and Brassica nigra. Mustard has a stimulating action on the circulation and respiratory system and can be used for clearing the respiratory passages. Mustard leaves are high in vitamins A, C and E and can be added to salads. Eating fresh mustard leaves will purify and strengthen the blood. We cannot be blamed if you find any other article resembling the matter we have written here about Bronchial Coughs. What we have done here is our copyright material!

Notes on Yarrow
Avoid the use of yarrow in pregnancy. It can cause a severe hypersensitivity reaction in a small number of people. Be very cautious the first time that you use it and never use it if you are allergic to other plants in the Asteraceae family to which the yarrow belong. Do not take internally if you are taking blood thinning drugs. We do not mean to show some implication that Tonsillitis Bronchitis have to rule the world or something like that. We only mean to let you know the actual meaning of Tonsillitis Bronchitis!

Nervous tension, headaches, agitation, anxiety, insomnia, hysteria, exhaustion and depression. Thyme (aerial) Thymus vulgaris Thyme: is a powerful antiseptic which can be used both internally and externally. It enhances the immune system's fight against bacterial, viral and fungal infections. It is useful in colds, flu, gastroenteritis, candida, cystitis and salpingitis. has a relaxation effect on the bronchial tubes which helps in asthma, bronchitis and whooping cough. Its expectorant action increases the production of fluid mucous and helps shift phlegm. acts as a liver cleanser and will help remove toxins from the body. may be used as a gargle in laryngitis and tonsillitis, easing sore throats and soothing irritable coughs. Small amounts used in cooking are generally safe but do not take internally in medicinal doses during pregnancy or if you have liver or kidney disease. The facts on Bronchial Asthma mentioned here have a consequential impact on your understanding on Bronchial Asthma. This is because these facts are the basic and important points about Bronchial Asthma.

Horehound (Aerial) Marrubium Vullgare
It is also called white horehound. Horehound is a valuable herb for the treatment of bronchitis where there is a non-productive cough. It combines the action of relaxing the smooth muscles of the bronchus whilst promoting mucus production and thus expectoration.

Notes on Sage
Do not use sage when pregnant or while breast feeding. Small amounts used in cooking are generally safe. Do not take medicinal doses internally if you are an epileptic. In therapeutic amounts it can increase the sedative effects of medications. Do not take if you are hypoglycemic. It is considered safe when it is used as a spice. The first impression is the best impression. We have written this article on Bronchitis in such a way that the first impression you get will definitely make you want to read more about it!

Fenugreek (seed) Trigonella foenum-graecum. Fenugreek: has great use in local healing and reducing inflammation can be taken to help bronchitis and as a gargle to sooth sore throats. An infusion from the seeds can reduce a fever. contains bitters which make it useful in soothing disturbed digestion. drunk as an infusion made from the seeds acts as a general tonic. We have included the history of Bronchial Coughs here so that you will learn more about its history. It is only through it's history can you learn more about Bronchial Coughs.

May be used in chronic or acute bronchitis, irritating coughs, whooping cough and asthma. the expectorant effect makes it useful in any respiratory condition, including the chronic states of emphysema.

Herbs that can assist during and after quitting Herbs are not the only assistance that you need to quit smoking. For comprehensive assistance through the whole process join Growerz.com quit smoking program -- they will help you reclaim your life. Don't be surprised if you find anything unusual here about Asthma Bronchitis. There has been some interesting and unusual things here worth reading.

Anti-inflammatory, which means that it is good for aches and pains, including arthritis. anti-allergic for the relief of hay fever, allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis and bronchial asthma. expectorant for the relief of irritating coughs, asthma and chest infections. It has an aspirin like effect in relieving fevers and pains, such as headaches. It has the ability to improve resistance to stress. It should be considered during times of both physical and emotional stress and when feeling tired and run down. We have included some fresh and interesting information on Asthma Bronchitis. In this way, you are updated on the developments of Asthma Bronchitis.

Hyssop (Aerial) Hyssopus Officinalis
Hyssop has an interesting range of uses that are mainly associated with its anti-spasmodic actions. Hyssop: can be used in coughs, bronchitis, and chronic catarrh. It is useful as a hot infusion in the early stages of colds and influenza. The infused oil can also be rubbed on the chest for a chesty cough. Hyssop can also be combined with eucalyptus or thyme oil or both. can be used in anxiety and stress states and it has been used in the treatment of hysteria and petit mal (a from of epilepsy - but be careful of strong infusions). as an infusion of the flowers or leaves or both has uplifting and stimulating properties. Having a penchant for Tonsillitis Bronchitis led us to write all that there has been written on Tonsillitis Bronchitis here. Hope you too develop a penchant for Tonsillitis Bronchitis!

Have a stimulating effect on the bladder and kidneys and assist in cleansing the body of toxins and wastes andclears catarrhal congestion in bronchial tubes There has been an uncalculatable amount of information added in this composition on Acute Bronchitis. Don't try counting it!

Can be used to treat infections and inflamed conditions such as gastritis and enteritis. Taken hot it is excellent for throwing off fevers, cold and flu, coughs and sore throats. can be used as a tonic for the nervous system. We would like you to leisurely go through this article on Bronchial Asthma to get the real impact of the article. Bronchial Asthma is a topic that has to be read clearly to be understood. Wink

Coltsfoot (aerial) Tussilaga farfara. Coltsfoot combines an expectorant effect with an anti-spasmodic action. There are also useful levels of zinc in the leaves and this is useful for its anti-inflammatory effects. Coltsfoot:

Notes on Elecampane
Small amounts used in cooking are generally safe but do not use internally in medicinal doses during pregnancy. Elecampane combines well with coltsfoot, white horehound, pleurisy root and yarrow for respiratory conditions. There is a lot of jargon connected with Tonsillitis Bronchitis. However, we have eliminated the difficult ones, and only used the ones understood by everyone.

Skullcap (aerial) Scutellaria laterifolia. Skullcap is a powerful immune booster, especially for the upper body. It is used to help speed recovery, relax nervous tension and renew the nervous system. Scutellaria is rich in minerals that are necessary for the nervous system. It is useful for the strengthening and support provided in times of stress and is a remedy for:
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08-07-2016, 08:50 PM
Post: #3
Exclamation RE: Pneumonia Bronchitis, Treating Bronchitis With Bromelain
Infectious Bronchitis Vaccines - Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics Classification, Uses and Side Effects
The fluoroquinolones are a relatively new group of antibiotics. Fluoroquinolones were first introduced in 1986, but they are really modified quinolones, a class of antibiotics, whose accidental discovery occurred in the early 1960.

The fluoroquinolones are a family of synthetic, broad-spectrum antibacterial agents with bactericidal activity. The parent of the group is nalidixic acid, discovered in 1962 by Lescher and colleagues. The first fluoroquinolones were widely used because they were the only orally administered agents available for the treatment of serious infections caused by gram-negative organisms, including Pseudomonas species. We have gone through extensive research and reading to produce this article on Chronic Bronchitis. Use the information wisely so that the information will be properly used.

Fluoroquinolones are approved for use only in people older than 18. They can affect the growth of bones, teeth, and cartilage in a child or fetus. The FDA has assigned fluoroquinolones to pregnancy risk category C, indicating that these drugs have the potential to cause teratogenic or embryocidal effects. Giving fluoroquinolones during pregnancy is not recommended unless the benefits justify the potential risks to the fetus. These agents are also excreted in breast milk and should be avoided during breast-feeding if at all possible.

Second Generation
The second-generation fluoroquinolones have increased gram-negative activity, as well as some gram-positive and atypical pathogen coverage. Compared with first-generation quinolones, these drugs have broader clinical applications in the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections and pyelonephritis, sexually transmitted diseases, selected pneumonias and skin infections. If you find anything extra mentioning about Chronic Bronchitis, do inform us. It is only through the exchange of views and information will we learn more about Chronic Bronchitis.

Conditions treated with Fluoroquinolones: indications and uses The newer fluoroquinolones have a wider clinical use and a broader spectrum of antibacterial activity including gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic organisms. Some of the newer fluoroquinolones have an important role in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia and intra-abdominal infections. The serum elimination half-life of the fluoroquinolones range from 3 -20 hours, allowing for once or twice daily dosing. Get more familiar with Bronchitis once you finish reading this article. Only then will you realize the importance of Bronchitis in your day to day life.

Third Generation
The third-generation fluoroquinolones are separated into a third class because of their expanded activity against gram-positive organisms, particularly penicillin-sensitive and penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae, and atypical pathogens such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumoniae. Although the third-generation agents retain broad gram-negative coverage, they are less active than ciprofloxacin against Pseudomonas species.

Because of their expanded antimicrobial spectrum, third-generation fluoroquinolones are useful in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia, acute sinusitis and acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, which are their primary FDA-labeled indications. The third-generation fluoroquinolones include levofloxacin, gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin and sparfloxacin. People have an inclination of bragging on the knowledge they have on any particular project. However, we don't want to brag on what we know on Chronic Bronchitis, so long as it proves useful to you, we are happy. Smile

First Generation
The first-generation agents include cinoxacin and nalidixic acid, which are the oldest and least often used quinolones. These drugs had poor systemic distribution and limited activity and were used primarily for gram-negative urinary tract infections. Cinoxacin and nalidixic acid require more frequent dosing than the newer quinolones, and they are more susceptible to the development of bacterial resistance. We wish to stress on the importance and the necessity of Bronchitis through this article. This is because we see the need of propagating its necessity and importance!

Classification of Fluoroquinolones As a group, the fluoroquinolones have excellent in vitro activity against a wide range of both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. The newest fluoroquinolones have enhanced activity against gram-positive bacteria with only a minimal decrease in activity against gram-negative bacteria. Their expanded gram-positive activity is especially important because it includes significant activity against Streptococcus pneumoniae. Even if you are a stranger in the world of Bronchitis, once you are through with this article, you will no longer have to consider yourself to be a stranger in it!

Second-generation agents include ciprofloxacin, enoxacin, lomefloxacin, norfloxacin and ofloxacin. Ciprofloxacin is the most potent fluoroquinolone against P. aeruginosa. Ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin are the most widely used second-generation quinolones because of their availability in oral and intravenous formulations and their broad set of FDA-labeled indications.

Side Effects
The fluoroquinolones as a class are generally well tolerated. Most adverse effects are mild in severity, self-limited, and rarely result in treatment discontinuation. However, they can have serious adverse effects. You will learn the gravity of Bronchitis once you are through reading this matter. Bronchitis are very important, so learn its importance.

Fourth Generation
The fourth-generation fluoroquinolones add significant antimicrobial activity against anaerobes while maintaining the gram-positive and gram-negative activity of the third-generation drugs. They also retain activity against Pseudomonas species comparable to that of ciprofloxacin. The fourth-generation fluoroquinolones include trovafloxacin (Trovan). Wink

Fluoroquinolones Advantages:
Ease of administration Daily or twice daily dosing Excellent oral absorption Excellent tissue penetration Prolonged half-lives Significant entry into phagocytic cells Efficacy Overall safety A substantial amount of the words here are all inter-connected to and about Bronchitis. Understand them to get an overall understanding on Bronchitis.

Urinary tract infections (norfloxacin, lomefloxacin, enoxacin, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, gatifloxacin, trovafloxacin) Lower respiratory tract infections (lomefloxacin, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, trovafloxacin) Skin and skin-structure infections (ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, trovafloxacin) Urethral and cervical gonococcal infections (norfloxacin, enoxacin, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, gatifloxacin, trovafloxacin) Prostatitis (norfloxacin, ofloxacin, trovafloxacin) Acute sinusitis (ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin (Avelox), trovafloxacin) Acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (levofloxacin, sparfloxacin (Zagam), gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin, trovafloxacin) Community-acquired pneumonia (levofloxacin, sparfloxacin, gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin, trovafloxacin) After many hopeless endeavors to produce something worthwhile on Bronchitis, this is what we have come up with. We are very hopeful about this!

Gastrointestinal Effects
The most common adverse events experienced with fluoroquinolone administration are gastrointestinal (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal pain), which occur in 1 to 5% of patients. CNS effects. Headache, dizziness, and drowsiness have been reported with all fluoroquinolones. Insomnia was reported in 3-7% of patients with ofloxacin. Severe CNS effects, including seizures, have been reported in patients receiving trovafloxacin. Seizures may develop within 3 to 4 days of therapy but resolve with drug discontinuation. Although seizures are infrequent, fluoroquinolones should be avoided in patients with a history of convulsion, cerebral trauma, or anoxia. No seizures have been reported with levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, gatifloxacin, and gemifloxacin. With the older non-fluorinated quinolones neurotoxic symptoms such as dizziness occurred in about 50% of the patients. Phototoxicity. Exposure to ultraviolet A rays from direct or indirect sunlight should be avoided during treatment and several days (5 days with sparfloxacin) after the use of the drug. The degree of phototoxic potential of fluoroquinolones is as follows: lomefloxacin > sparfloxacin > ciprofloxacin > norfloxacin = ofloxacin = levofloxacin = gatifloxacin = moxifloxacin. Musculoskeletal effects. Concern about the development of musculoskeletal effects, evident in animal studies, has led to the contraindication of fluoroquinolones for routine use in children and in women who are pregnant or lactating. Tendon damage (tendinitis and tendon rupture). Although fluoroquinolone-related tendinitis generally resolves within one week of discontinuation of therapy, spontaneous ruptures have been reported as long as nine months after cessation of fluoroquinolone use. Potential risk factors for tendinopathy include age >50 years, male gender, and concomitant use of corticosteroids. Hepatoxicity. Trovafloxacin use has been associated with rare liver damage, which prompted the withdrawal of the oral preparations from the U.S. market. However, the IV preparation is still available for treatment of infections so serious that the benefits outweigh the risks. Cardiovascular effects. The newer quinolones have been found to produce additional toxicities to the heart that were not found with the older compounds. Evidence suggests that sparfloxacin and grepafloxacin may have the most cardiotoxic potential. Hypoglycemia/Hyperglycemia. Recently, rare cases of hypoglycemia have been reported with gatifloxacin and ciprofloxacin in patients also receiving oral diabetic medications, primarily sulfonylureas. Although hypoglycemia has been reported with other fluoroquinolones (levofloxacin and moxifloxacin), the effects have been mild. Hypersensitivity. Hypersensitivity reactions occur only occasionally during quinolone therapy and are generally mild to moderate in severity, and usually resolve after treatment is stopped. Chronic bronchitis acupuncture substance of this composition. Without Chronic Bronchitis, there would not have been much to write and think about over here!

All of the fluoroquinolones are effective in treating urinary tract infections caused by susceptible organisms. They are the first-line treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis in patients who cannot tolerate sulfonamides or TMP, who live in geographic areas with known resistance > 10% to 20% to TMP-SMX, or who have risk factors for such resistance.

Fluoroquinolones disadvantages: Tendonitis or tendon rupture Multiple drug interactions Not used in children Newer quinolones produce additional toxicities to the heart that were not found with the older agents In addition to what we had mentioned in the previous paragraph, much more has to be said about Trigger bronchitis. If space permits, we will state everything about it.
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